Eye pain is a common problem with a wide range of causes. If it feels like your eyeballs are on fire, it could be a sign of several conditions, ranging from minor to very serious. It could be something temporary or a sign of the chronic condition that you’ll need to deal with for many years to come.

While some causes of burning eye pain resolve on their own, others can lead to lasting vision damage if they’re not quickly treated by a medical professional.

Keep reading in order to learn more about the most common reasons for burning eyes pain as well as symptoms and treatment options that you might need to consider.

Dry eye syndrome is a very common cause of eye pain and itching. It happens when your own eyes don’t have the moisture they need to work properly.

This can happen because your eyes don’t make enough tears or even if the tears your eyes do make do not do a good enough job associated with keeping your own eyes wet.

Common symptoms of dry eye syndrome include:

  • red eyes
  • blurry vision
  • sensitivity to light

Over-the-counter (OTC) vision drops are usually often sufficient to treat dry attention syndrome. Lifestyle changes, such as using the humidifier plus drinking enough water, can also be beneficial.

But when dry eye is severe, you might want to see a doctor to look into stronger treatments, including:

  • prescription eyesight drops
  • tear duct plugs
  • surgery

Eye infections can cause eyes pain, redness, and itchiness. Some eye infections, like conjunctivitis, are minor and easily treated. But other eye infections are extremely severe and require urgent treatment.

Typical eye bacterial infections include:

  • Conjunctivitis: Conjunctivitis is a bacterial or viral infection commonly known as “pink eye” that leads to eye inflammation, itching, watering, and discharge. It’s also very easy to spread to others. Antibiotic eye drops can help treat bacterial conjunctivitis.
  • Keratitis: Keratitis happens when your cornea (the see-through tissue at the front associated with your eyeball) gets infected or injured. It causes eye redness, eye discomfort, and blurred vision. Keratitis requires urgent medical attention because it may lead in order to vision loss if it’s not handled.
  • Endophthalmitis: Endophthalmitis is a severe vision infection inside your eyeball that leads to intense attention pain, eyesight swelling, fuzzy vision, plus eye release. This condition is the medical emergency — therapy with antibiotics is usually needed quickly before vision reduction starts to occur.

Around 40 percent of people in North American experience some kind associated with eye irritation that results from allergies to environmental irritants, want pollen, mold, animal dander, or air pollution.

Some allergic reactions may only affect your own eyes, but many people with allergies furthermore experience a stuffy nose and some other respiratory symptoms.

Allergy symptoms that will can affect your eyes include:

  • itching
  • burning
  • redness
  • watering

Allergies can end up being treated with oral antihistamines or eyes drops containing antihistamines . If a person have mild allergies, OTC antihistamines like Zyrtec (cetirizine) or Allegra (loratadine) should be enough to help you get relief from your signs and symptoms.

If your allergies are severe, an allergist , which is the doctor who specializes in allergic reactions and asthma, can help you develop an allergy treatment plan.

Contact lenses can leave your eyes feeling irritated , especially when you leave them in too long. Wearing contacts that are old, dirty, or the particular wrong prescription can also cause pain and burning.

Not cleaning your contact lenses correctly and also wearing old contact lenses can both lead to a condition called contact lens-induced conjunctivitis. This happens when there’s dust buildup dust or other external substances on your contact lens.

Symptoms consist of:

  • itching
  • redness
  • blurry vision
  • the feeling want something will be in your eye
  • strands of mucus within your eye

You might need to wear glasses instead of contacts for a few days to assist your eye recover prior to using connections again.

Once your own eyes are usually healed, use a fresh pair associated with contacts that have been stored in the sealed container. Talk with an eye doctor if a person frequently create contact lens-induced conjunctivitis — you may need a new type of contact lenses or to consider wearing glasses permanently instead of contacts.

Nerve pain can happen when the optic nerve, located behind your eye, swells because associated with inflammation. This can make it difficult for your eye to transmit visual information to your brain plus cause serious pain in the back of your eyes.

Nerve discomfort in the eye typically only affects one vision at a time. Symptoms often include:

  • pain that’s worse when you move your attention
  • vision loss in one eyesight
  • vision reduction in a single specific area, such as your own peripheral (side) vision or even center vision
  • loss of your ability to see colors
  • seeing flashing lights in your affected eyes

Nerve pain in the eye often resolves on its own. Prescription steroid medication is sometimes used to help reduce the particular swelling along with relieve pain and discomfort.

In a few cases, vision nerve pain is a symptom of an underlying condition like multiple sclerosis . See a doctor if you have discomfort that lasts longer than a week or more without getting better. And seek immediate medical attention if you experience sudden changes within your vision associated with any kind.

Your attention can get irritated or damaged from exposure to many types of chemicals which are common inside everyday life, like:

  • soaps
  • shampoos
  • cleaning products
  • smoke through cigarettes, vaping devices, fireplaces, or wood smoke
  • acid or alkali solutions
  • chlorine in pools or spas

Signs and symptoms of chemical irritation consist of:

  • eyesight redness
  • eyes pain
  • eye diseases
  • swelling of your eyelids
  • blurry vision
  • having difficulty keeping your eye open
  • a feeling like something is in your own eye
  • eyesight loss

Treatment for a chemical irritation should start with washing the substance out of your vision .

Once your eye is clear, treatment depends on the severity of the irritation. You might not need treatment for moderate irritation by substances like shampoo.

But look for medical care in case you experience more severe irritation with symptoms that last 2 or even more times without getting better. You’ll likely be prescribed antibiotics to assist prevent infection and steroid drops or creams in order to keep swelling down as your eye heals.

When an object strikes your eye or comes in contact with your attention, it may result in a scratch or injury to the surface of the eye known as a corneal abrasion .

This can be caused by any object that touches your eyesight and scratches against your own cornea, including:

  • dust
  • sand
  • dirt
  • torn disposable lenses
  • small pieces of wood

Symptoms associated with eye injuries can include:

  • eye pain
  • watery eyes
  • eye inflammation
  • a sense like something happens to be in your eyes
  • sensitivity to light
  • headache

If you think there’s an object in your eyes, do the following right away to reduce the risk of the object scraping against your own cornea and causing injuries:

  1. Take out lenses (if you’re wearing them).
  2. Blink several times.
  3. Rinse your eyes out with warm water.
  4. Avoid rubbing your eye until the particular irritation goes away.

Most minor corneal abrasions heal on their own in the day or even 2.

Seek medical attention if:

  • there is an subject lodged in your eye that a person can’t get out by yourself
  • your signs and symptoms get even worse over time along with no obvious improvement

Wash your own eyes out there immediately if any chemicals splash in to them.

Follow these steps to safely wash out your eyes :

  • Run clean, lukewarm water over your eye with regard to at least 20 minutes with the lid of the affected eye held open. Use a shower head aimed at your forehead over your own affected vision or the bridge associated with your nasal area if you need in order to wash each eyes. You can also turn your head under a running faucet at a sink or eyewash station.
  • Wash your own hands thoroughly with soap and drinking water to make sure there are no chemical substances on your hands.
  • Remove your own contacts in case they did not come out during the attention washing.
  • Don’t rub your eyes until the discomfort stops or even until the doctor says it’s okay.
  • Don’t use anything except water or saline solution inside your eyes.
  • Seek crisis medical treatment immediately to be examined for any injury or damage to your eye.
  • Take a container from the chemical substance that got into your own eye with you to the particular emergency room. Take a picture of the chemical container’s label when you’re not able to bring the particular container itself.

A few factors behind eyesight pain may resolve on their own or with OTC remedies.

Other causes may benefit from healthcare attention. Visit a doctor, ophthalmologist, or additional eye specialist if:

  • your vision is changing
  • you have eye discomfort
  • your eyes are swollen
  • you have eyes discharge
  • your eye are crusting
  • your eyelids are sticking together
  • you are seeing flashing lights, shadows, or various other visual disturbances
  • you might have any kind of eye symptoms that last longer than a week

Additionally , it is important to seek emergency medical care in the event that:

  • your vision suddenly changes
  • you have severe eye pain
  • you had a serious chemical burn for your vision
  • pain from an eye injury is getting worse
  • you might have double vision after a watch damage
  • something is stuck in your attention after a good eye injury

You can’t prevent every single eye itch or allergic reaction, but you will find steps a person take in order to reduce eyesight irritation:

  • Get regular eye checkups to maintain eye health.
  • Always wash your hands, especially before eating and after using the bathroom.
  • Drink at least 64 ounces of drinking water a day.
  • Wear protective eyewear around chemicals plus debris.
  • Wear sunglasses along with UV protection .
  • Put on for the purpose of as directed.
  • Always remove daily-wear contact lenses just before you go to bed.
  • Eat foods rich in vitamin A, which includes carrots and sweet potatoes.
  • Incorporate eyes health boosting foods directly into your diet, such because avocados, tuna, peppers, plus lima beans.

Many reasons behind eye pain can be resolved easily at home or with simple OVER-THE-COUNTER treatments. But some eye conditions, such since infections, might need medical assistance. You may also require to seek expert medical help if a substance or even object gets into your own eye.

Taking steps to prevent eye irritation can assist reduce your risk of experiencing eye pain or irritation. You can help protect your eyes along with regular vision checkups, safety goggles, putting on clean get in touch with lenses, drinking plenty of water, and consuming eye-healthy food items.

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