This study, performed in an environment with universal health care, reveals that race and ethnicity may impact both the presentation plus outcomes of retinal detachment surgery.

Research from Boston Medical Center found that Black and Hispanics patients treated with surgery for a retinal detachment had worse vision results than white patients.

The study, published in the Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology , 1 suggests that higher rates of proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR), retinal scarring resulting through retinal detachment, in minority patients may contribute to these findings.

Retinal detachment is a sight-threatening condition requiring surgical treatment. Researchers discovered that all patients had similar single surgery success rates but that minority individuals had significantly worse vision outcomes and were more likely to have multiple retinal breaks.

According to the Boston Medical Center news release, while previous studies have shown inferior outcomes for retinal surgery among minority sufferers, many associated with the studies were completed outside of the United States, where access to medical care may influence outcomes. This particular study, carried out in an environment with universal health care, discloses that competition and racial may effect both the presentation and outcomes of retinal detachment surgery.

“An understanding of patient and group-specific risk factors can help surgeons better choose the appropriate procedure in order to best achieve their goals of eyesight preservation and restoration, ” lead author Steven Ness, MD, ophthalmology specialist at Boston Healthcare Center plus assistant professor of ophthalmology at Birkenstock boston University Chobanian & Avedisian School associated with Medicine, said in the particular online press release service.

According to the seo press releases, researchers examined the particular charts of 124 Dark and Hispanic patients and 71 White patients who were treated surgically with regard to retinal detachment at Boston Medical Middle. The patient’s demographics, preoperative characteristics, plus surgical outcomes were compared.

Researchers stated within the news release they believe that will larger-scale studies are needed to support the findings in regards to higher risk for PVR in group patients – but if these types of findings are verified, physicians may need to change their surgical approach to retinal detachment along with procedures that may more fully address this danger factor.

Moreover, the release noted that will the study also discovered that detachment chronicity, measured by the duration of patient symptoms, was similar amongst patient groups, which suggests that minority patients are at higher risk regarding PVR intended for reasons other than retinal detachment duration, which is currently considered the primary predictor associated with PVR risk.

Reference

Jia Xu, MD; Samaneh Davoudi, MD; Jamie Yoon, BS; Nicole H. Siegel, MD; et al; Effect of race and ethnicity on medical outcomes to get rhegmatogenous retinal detachments. Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Published January 4, 2023. Accessed January 18, 2023. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcjo.2022.12.003

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *