Updated on Oct 15, 2022 08: 36 PM IST

Meibomian gland dysfunction occurs when the eye glands are not able to secrete sufficient oil or once the oil secreted is of poor quality. It may cause irritation, eye inflammation and increase dry eye symptoms. Doctor reveals its risk aspects, symptoms plus treatment

Meibomian Gland Dysfunction: Risk factors, symptoms and treatment of this eye condition(Twitter/joptoophthal)

Meibomian Gland Dysfunction: Risk factors, symptoms and therapy of this eye condition(Twitter/joptoophthal)

By Zarafshan Shiraz , Delhi

Meibomian glands happen in order to be tiny oil intrigue that are present inside the eyelids with openings on the eyelids’ edges (the sides that touch when the vision is closed). There are nearly thirty to forty meibomian glands present in the upper eyelid and twenty in order to thirty meibomian glands present in the lower eyelid.

The function of these glands is to secrete oil which covers the particular surface of the eyes and helps the water component on the attention from evaporating. The tear film of the eyes is made up of the lipid layer, drinking water and mucous and these three layers must work in collaboration to keep the eye healthy plus prevent any type of eye infection.

In an interview with HT Lifestyle, Dr Vipul Mandaviya, Consultant at Shivam Eye Hospital in Surat and Medical Adviser for Entod Pharmaceuticals, explained, “Meibomian gland disorder (MGD) occurs once the glands are not able to exude sufficient essential oil or when the oil secreted is of poor quality. At times, the openings associated with the glands may get clogged resulting in less secretion and the oil that comes out can be unhealthy or granular which may cause irritation, eyesight inflammation and increase dry eye signs and symptoms. ”

Meibomian Glandular Dysfunction plus Risk Factors

As already discussed, MGD will be quite common and happens when the particular glands are usually not able to produce enough essential oil or it is of low quality. A study involving 233 participants revealed that at least 59 per cent of them exhibited symptoms of MGD.

Dr Vipul Mandaviya shared, “When meibomian gland malfunction becomes a chronic issue and the intrigue are persistently clogged or even blocked, oil secretion becomes impossible and can lead to permanent damage from the rip film. It is a condition that will can affect anyone however , age certainly plays a factor in the disease. ” He exposed some of the risk factors of MGD:

1. People over the age of 40 are in an increased danger of developing meibomian gland dysfunctions. With age, there is decreased lipid production by the particular meibomian intrigue

2 . Eye makeup if not completely removed can trigger the obstruction of meibomian glands

3. Digital eyes strain can cause MGD due in order to a reduction in blinking

4. Damaged or inflamed eyelid or cornea

5. High triglycerides and cholesterol

6. Allergic conjunctivitis as well because other eye diseases

7. Autoimmune diseases such since lupus, rosacea, Sjögren’s syndrome and rheumatoid arthritis

8. Bacterial Infection

Some medicines may also result in MGD:

one. Drugs that lessen androgen

second . Estrogen replacement therapy

3. Retinoids that are usually found in anti-ageing creams plus acne medication

Symptoms of MGD:

According to Dr Vipul Mandaviya, in the early stages of the conditions there may be no symptoms but when left untreated, it can start to show different symptoms like:

1 . Burning

2 . Dryness

3. Itching

4. Crustiness/stickiness

5. Light sensitivity

6. Watering

seven. Foreign body sensation

eight. Red eyes

9. Intermittent blurry vision

10. Styes/chalazion

Preventive tips and treatments:

There are various ways to eyelash/eyelid hygiene to get rid of the bacteria, oil plus dead skin build-up. During the early phases from the disease, self-care is usually the best way to deal with it. Dr Vipul Mandaviya recommended:

one Warm Compresses – Applying a little bit associated with heat in order to the eyelid margins can help increase essential oil production as well as clear off the solid crusty oil. It is always advisable to use a moderately warm washcloth to apply heat to the eyelids with regard to 4-5 minutes. Repeat this twice the day.

2. Massage – Throughout the warm compress application, one can apply light pressure towards the eyelid margin just more than the eyelashes with the tip of a finger. Gently press the finger upward upon the reduce eyelid while looking up, then roll it down on the top eyelid whilst looking straight down.

a few. Avoid Makeup – Beauty and makeup products must be completely avoided within the vision areas.

Depending on the severity of the condition, the doctor might also prescribe:

1 ) Lubricants

second . Omega-3 fatty acid supplements as it improves the consistency and high quality of the oil produced by the particular meibomian glands

3. Antibiotics

4. Steroids

When MGD is diagnosed in a person, it is important to provide timely treatment to the person. Also, it is vital that one sticks towards the homecare regime and avoids anything that may aggravate the symptoms.

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