Express News Service

HYDERABAD: This is perhaps the year that will change the healthcare  industry for the better,   all thanks to technology and innovations. While it is the  use of portable devices in retinal imaging, usage of AI for simulation and symptom relief in case of phobias and anxiety disorders or autologous bone marrow stem cells and PRP for Ovarian Rejuvenation plus Endometrial Regeneration in cases associated with infertility — all will have a great impact — the year 2023 promises a lot. Reshmi Chakravorty speaks to experts from different  fields to find out what’s within store for 2023

INNOVATIONS AND ADVANCES IN THE FIELD OF NUTRITION
Human nutrition is an evolving market predicted to hit $465. 4 billion by 2025. Several key trends have been in the particular evolution of nutrition in healthcare over the years. Some associated with the prominent trends include

  • Personalised Nutrition: There is a growing recognition that one-size-fits-all nutrition recommendations may not be practical or effective for everyone. Hence, this has become a new marketplace segment in the healthcare business. Many companies are focusing on making nutrition recommendations personalised through microbiome testing, gene mapping, and using AI & ML to recognise the behavioural aspects.
  • Nutrigenomics is another trending evolution within the nourishment vertical of healthcare. These studies help to understand how an individual’s genes interact with their diet and how this affects their health. Your genes cannot change by food or any other factor. It only shows exactly how particular meals impacts your health.
  • AI & ML algorithm is majorly used by many multinational pharma, wellness tech, plus nutraceutical companies to develop lifestyle and food databases.
  • Nutraceuticals are products derived from the food source. Different products like probiotics, prebiotics, and herbal supplements are recommended based on the nutritional assessment to understand the particular inadequacy associated with micro plus macronutrients in order to recommend the right quality and quantity of supplements.

Nazneen Mallick, Lead Dietician at a multinational company

INNOVATIONS PLUS ADVANCES IN THE FIELD OF EYE CARE
With constant research and the particular happy marriage between science and technologies, there have been the lot of advances in diagnostic and therapeutic measures in eye care.

  • Retinal imaging: Portable products have replaced the traditional machines, these are not really only easy to use but very affordable too, dilate the patient’s eyes and simply mount your own mobile phone onto the device and you get instant high resolution pictures associated with   the particular retina. Now imaging the retina is possible in eye camps too because of this device.
  • Visual fields test: Humphreys visual field test will be a huge machine used in early diagnosis of glaucoma. Right now, with the advent of virtual reality, this has become portable and convenient in any setting. The test is performed via a VR headset with pre-programmed diagnostic criteria, plus we get a report onto our mobile phones.
  •   Cataract and retina surgery: 3D glasses are not only to watch the latest Avatar movie but also are being used to perform cataract and retinal surgeries. Surgeons use THREE DIMENSIONAL glasses and a high resolution TV to seamlessly operate on the particular patient’s vision whilst getting a much better image quality.

Dr Satya prasad balki, m. s   f. c. a. s, consultant ophthalmologist, cataract cornea plus refractive services

INNOVATIONS AND ADVANCES IN NEURO-SCIENTIFIC GYNECOLOGY

  • Regenerative Medicine is evolving. Autologous bone marrow stem cells and PRP with regard to Ovarian Rejuvenation and Endometrial Regeneration within cases associated with infertility have a great impact — imagine a world where a woman told in order to not have any egg for reproduction conceiving her own egg.
  • Robotics: For surgeries — for more precision, flexibility and dexterity and therefore better outcomes for that lady.

Dr Manjula Anagani, MBBS, MD, FICOG is usually the Clinical Director plus HOD Obstetrics & Gynaecology at Care Hospitals, Banjara Hills

INNOVATIONS AND ADVANCES IN THE FIELD OF Neuropsychiatry

  • Newer drugs targeting different receptors hence much better efficacy and lesser adverse effects in trial.
  • Using functional imaging plus molecular image resolution like PET, SPECT, fMRI to diagnose mental health conditions rather than just history, diagnostic criterias and scales.
  • Using AI for simulation and sign relief in case of phobias and anxiety disorders.  
  • We might have a drug that’s very effective in dementia which is definitely much needed because as of now existing molecules just delay the progression.
  • More use of techniques like deep brain stimulation, RTMS plus other procedures for refractory cases treatment.  
  • Psychiatry services are becoming more accessible to sub urban and rural areas as the particular government will be opening up more positions regarding doctors.
  • Using genetic methods to understand the existing risk of neuropsychiatric illnesses within the offspring.
  • Better understanding associated with epigenetics upon transcription of genes implicated in mental disorders.
  • I believe all of these medical advances are much needed especially in neuropsychiatry as the brain remains to be a lesser studied, known and understood organ within the human body. Considering the particular prevalence plus burden associated with mental health conditions increasing globally, the future of neuropsychiatry looks optimistic.

Dr Charan teja Koganti, MBBS, MD. Consultant Neuropsychiatrist, KIMS Hospitals, Associate professor, VRKMC, Hyderabad

IMPROVEMENTS AND IMPROVEMENTS IN THE FIELD OF Endocrinology

  • Monitoring: CGMS can be the future when it comes to diabetes monitoring. The technology is getting better day by day including availability of real time monitoring and apps to record the same along with digital readers. As cost is certainly the barrier for many in order to use this particular, hoping that cost efficient CGMS would be available fairly soon.
  • Insulin & Delivery: Inhaled insulin may be available quickly in India too. Although it can’t replace injections, it may be used in certain scenarios in lieu of injections. Newer fast acting insulin analogous might be launched in Indian fairly shortly. Insulin pumps enabled along with AI and married to CGMS might be called the closest within technology as far because artificial pancreas is concerned. Expecting some breakthroughs in this arena.
  • GLP1 plus GIP analogous that not only control sugar, but also reduce body weight are already available. Soon, we may possess newer variants that might be utilized in place of bariatric surgery, at least in some cases in order to help weight loss in the particular obese with and without diabetes. Some can be used weekly.

Dr Ravi Sankar Erukulapati, MBBS, MRCP (UK), CCT ( UK), Senior Endocrinologist, Apollo Hospital, Jubilee Hills

INNOVATIONS AND ADVANCEMENTS IN NEURO-SCIENTIFIC Nephrolo gy

The transplantation of tissues, tissues, and organs between individuals of different species is called xenotransplantation. The clinical application of xenotransplantation has already been a goal of transplant clinicians since the beginning associated with the twentieth century. Kidneys of animals were utilized during the first attempts at clinical transplantation due to the fact it was not readily apparent how human kidneys could be ethically retrieved. Today, the particular shortage of human kidneys available intended for transplantation impels ongoing consideration of xenotransplantation.

The shortage of human being kidneys to get transplantation makes kidney hair transplant unavailable pertaining to some plus significantly increases waiting time for others. The growing prevalence associated with end-stage kidney disease along with age can make these challenges worse over time.

Other approaches to kidney replacement, such as implantable devices, cell or stem cell therapies, and organogenesis are now being explored, however , xenotransplantation could provide the most widely obtainable and cost-effective approach. We are one of the leading institutions having focus on research in kidney diseases at our state of the art animal farm facility, Vivo Biotech, we are well placed to look into genetically modified pigs for organ transplantation.
  Doctor K S Nayak, Department Head associated with Nephrology, Virinchi Hospital

iNNOVATIONS PLUS ADVANCES INSIDE THE INDUSTRY OF Intensive & Critical Care

The growing trend within near long term in treating complex clinical situations in critical care practice is optimising technologies and a learning healthcare system to potentiate a more humanistic approach. While technological innovations are the invariable crux of speculation about the future of critical care, they cannot change the clinician at the bedside.

Critical treatment practice will certainly be transformed by novel technologies, integration of artificial intelligence decision support algorithms, and advances in seamless data operationalisation across diverse healthcare systems. Yet, new technologies will be relevant plus meaningful only if they improve the very individual endeavour associated with caring meant for someone who is critically ill. It is not a futuristic concept to build a multiprofessional patient-centered crucial care team that provides the right care to the right patient at the right time through the entire continuum of acute illness and injury. This is a timeless core principle of essential care medicine and comprises the “Right Care, Right Now”. Motto. What will change in the future is just how we use data, gadgets, and brand new technologies to continue to strive toward that will goal.

These types of anticipated changes will occur throughout healthcare, though important care might be at the particular forefront since of its data-heavy, complicated environment and high-acuity, time-sensitive interventions. It is also our belief that vital care medicine practitioners are usually uniquely positioned to advocate for plus lead the development and implementation associated with these upcoming efforts to ensure that patient-centered treatment and patient, family, plus clinician experience remain the particular central focus.
Dr Shyam Sunder, MD Director, Virinchi Medical center

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